Córdoba, with more than 326,000 inhabitants, is today a medium-sized city, in whose old quarter we can still contemplate buildings with architectural elements from when Córdoba was the capital of the Hispania Ulterior during the Roman Republic, or of the province of Bética during the Roman Empire and of the Caliphate of Córdoba during the Muslim period, whose leaders governed a large part of the Iberian Peninsula. At the end of the first millennium, Córdoba would have been the largest, most cultured and opulent city in the world.
Mosques, libraries, baths and souks abounded in the city, creating the foundations of the European Renaissance. During the long European Middle Ages, letters and sciences flourished in Corduba. The city had a multitude of fountains, public lighting and sewers during the period of greatest Caliphate splendor.
In 1984, the mosque-cathedral of Córdoba was included in the list of World Heritage by Unesco, a declaration that a decade later would be extended to the entire historic center. The Cordovan Patios Festival was designated Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in December 2012 and in 2018 the palatine city of Medina Azahara, on the outskirts of the urban nucleus, was also declared World Heritage.
Córdoba was the birthplace of three great philosophers: the Roman Stoic Séneca, the Muslim Averroes, and the Jew Maimonides. The poets Lucano, Ibn Hazm, Juan de Mena, Luis de Góngora, Marco Anneo Lucano and Ángel de Saavedra, also known as the Duke of Rivas, were also born in Córdoba.
The Rectorate of the University of Córdoba is located in the Avenue of Medina Azahara (5 minutes from the Center). 10 minutes walking from Train and Bus Station (both are together).
From Seville airport to Córdoba there are 137 km along the highway A4/E5.
From Málaga airport to Córdoba there are 167 km along the highway A45.
From Madrid there are many daily connections by bus and high speed train, and also for both Seville and Málaga.